Create a weathered farmhouse-style finish with Varathane Wood Stain and Rust-Oleum Chalked Paint. By using our site, you agree to our. Each coat also makes the finish a bit smoother. All varnishes commonly available today are based on a plastic resin--Varathane's use of the term liquid plastic is just marketing language. The primary drawback of these thinner formulas is that you likely will need more coats for a good, protective layer—perhaps five or six coats instead of two or three with conventional brush-on poly. By lightly sanding each coat of Varathane, you’ll also remove any particles that got stuck in it while drying. Follow manufacturer’s direction for application of stain or paint. Sand surfaces where you’ll apply Varathane. First of all, stir—never shake—a can of polyurethane. As you're finishing each fresh coat during application, check your work with a bright side-light. Depending on the condition of your table, you may only need to lightly sand with a high grit rating sandpaper. When you’ve added enough coats, use automotive polish to bring out its shine. than 85%. Lightly sand between coats with #320 grit sandpaper. The product has a semi-transparent and low VOC formula that can work with a lint-free cloth. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane is a water-based acrylic oil-modified urethane designed to stain and protect wood surfaces in one easy application. Learn more... Varathane is a specific brand of polyurethane made by Rust-Oleum. A deep, rich wood stain color plus a white paint over the top will look weathered after distressing. Lightly sand between coats with #320 grit sandpaper. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. Polyurethanes are commonly available in both oil-based and water-based formulas, and there are minor differences between the two in both performance and application. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. When you reach one end, start again at the beginning. ... Varathane 1 qt. Spray poly goes on just like spray paint. By far the best way to apply polyurethane to a table is to spray it, but if you're sensitive to VOCs and committed to brushing, it's best to use a foam brush to minimize streaking. Instead, just stir the product gently but thoroughly before each use. In these cases, sand away all finish before applying Varathane. Chris is a freelance writer who specializes in woodworking, designs his own projects, and is experienced in commercial carpentry. Removal of all excess material is essential to ensure proper dry time and proper adhesion to the wood. Don't forget to pick out a high-quaity, natural bristle brush. Water-based formulas generally are more neutral or clear. Both wipe-on and spray formulas are a good solution for tricky applications, like fine details or vertical surfaces. You may choose to thin oil-based polyurethanes with mineral spirits or naphtha, but for most applications, this is not necessary; check the manufacturer's recommendations on the product label. Wipe off any excess stain. They're also a bit thicker and contain more solids, requiring two or three coats where water-based poly may need three or four. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Oil-based polyurethane products are available as well, but not as commonly sold on shelves. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Apply one coat of stainliberally with a brush or a clean lint-free rag. [3] X Research source Sand the surface of your table thoroughly so it is smooth and uniform. Immediately wipe it off with a dry cloth. You can apply a single coat for a lighter shade or build it up with more coats. Use a space heater to dry Varathane when your work area is cool or to shorten its normal drying time. Test Varathane Diamond Wood Finish in an inconspicuous area before beginning. The primary advantage of wipe-on and spray polyurethanes is thinness. Complete each area with long, straight strokes to brush out as many bubbles as possible. At the same time letting the beautiful Ebony wood stain … Both can be applied in ultra-thin coats that result in less buildup in nooks and crannies, provided you don't apply too much. Additional coats can be applied allowing one hour dry time between coats. Make certain surface is thoroughly dry before applying Varathane Premium Polyurethane. Varathane One-Step Stain & Poly Spray is formulated to stain protect wood with polyurethane in one easy step. Polyurethane is widely revered as one of the most durable yet easy-to-apply protective wood finishes. Foam brushes are inexpensive (and disposable) and work well for most flat surfaces. Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. It's best to apply polyurethane to flat (as in level) surfaces so the finish can self-level and is less likely to drip. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Sand your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper. For the smoothest finish, start sanding with 100-grit sandpaper, then repeat this with 150-grit, and finish sanding with 220-grit paper. Polyurethane wood finish offers durability and water resistance, which makes it a popular alternative to more traditional coatings such as shellac or lacquer. Oil-based polyurethanes are somewhat easier to apply and can be less temperamental than water-based formulas. Drag the brush along the wood’s grain to apply the stainer. This is a perfect way to showcase your table’s woodwork, and you can do it on your own. Wipe-on poly is applied with a clean, lint-free rag. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Water-based polyurethanes don't match well with oil-based stains, so if you're applying over stain you'll want to "rough up" the stained surface slightly before applying your water-based polyurethane, using some synthetic steel wool. It came out great, thanks!". If you have to work in a smaller room, make sure you open some windows. Plan on at least three coats of water-based poly on lightly used projects and at least four coats on floors and any pieces that need maximum protection. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. Apply the finish in a clean, well-ventilated area. The Spruce Crafts uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The stain will probably get mixed up with the poly. Wood surfaces are enriched with a deep, beautiful color and protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a semi-gloss finish. Apply a second coat. Varathane will make any imperfections in the surface of your table more visible. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. Some tables may already have a finish. By combining a stain with polyurethane, the need for multiple product application is eliminated. Warning: Skip this step and the top can twist, cup or warp. Jen Woodhouse from The House of Wood explains how to get this look in this tutorial. Leave plenty of space between the Varathane and the heater to prevent fires. After the first coat has fully dried (according to the manufacturer's directions), lightly sand the entire surface (again, parallel to the grain), using 320-grit sandpaper. "Simple instructions. Clean the wood very thoroughly to remove sanding dust before each new coat of polyurethane, using a vacuum (if available) and a tack cloth. To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. Apply One Step Stain & Polyurethane using a high quality synthetic bristle brush in the direction of the grain until a uniform film has been achieved. It can also be used over polyurethane finishes, so you can change the color of your finished wood, without removing the existing finish. Polyurethane takes hours, not minutes, to dry; that's a lot of time for dust to settle or bugs to land on the surface, marring the final product. We let the wood stain dry for 1 hour before grabbing the water based top coat. Test the coat for dryness. The decision to use an oil-based or water-based polyurethane largely depends on your project and your preferences. Apply the Varathane in a strip along one part of the wood. Additional coats can be applied with one hour dry time between coats. This highlights imperfections, such as bumps, bubbles, ugly brush marks, and spots that you simply missed or where the finish is too light. The polyurethane will sand easily, so be careful not to sand through the thin coat and damage the stain or wood underneath. UNFINISHED SURFACE PREPARATION. Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. Only work in areas with good airflow. About Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane Cut your application time in half with Rust-Oleum ® Varathane ® Stain & Polyurethane. Apply a base coat of gloss water- or oil-based polyurethane, let it dry and scuff it with 220-grit wet/dry sandpaper. PolyShades® is a combination wood stain and polyurethane finish, allowing you to get both color and protection in one easy step. Be careful not to scratch the wood while doing this. To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. Step 2: Use the 5″ to 3″ brush to apply polyurethane to wood flooring edges, and use the roller or pad to apply … This article has been viewed 23,182 times. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane adds rich color and a smooth protective finish. Bruce has the solution: Minwax® PolyShades®. Apply using a good quality, natural bristle brush or applicator, brush in the direction of the grain until a uniform film has been achieved. Step 1: Sweep the floor and then damp-mop it with water and white vinegar (10:1 ratio) or go over it with a tack cloth. Brush on the polyurethane so the brush strokes are parallel to the grain of the wood. Varathane One-Step Stain & Polyurethane contains premium pigments which provide deep, rich color and the high quality Varathane polyurethane, which provides a smooth, even protective finish. Easy to understand for my first project. You’ll need to prep the wood by sanding and cleaning it before you can apply the Varathane. Use care when applying over white or pastel paints or stains as discoloration may occur. Learning how to apply polyurethane to stained wood can enhance the appearance of the stain while protecting the … Overlapping stain on previously stained areas causes uneven colors. The few remaining bubbles will typically disappear within moments. Shaking a can of polyurethane will introduce numerous bubbles into the product that will show up in your final finish. This is why leveling is the pre-buffing step required next. See the best ways to use either method, below. Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. Repeat these steps until the desired level of protection is achieved. Work in manageable areas. [1] There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Note: Paper with a … If the stain begins to dry before you wipe it off, you're tackling too much area; this is more likely to happen using water-based stain. If you find that the Varathane isn’t yet dry, wait about an hour or two before testing it again with 220-grit paper. A clean work area is preferred, as this will prevent dust from spreading to the Varathane as it dries. The Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane was going to give us the protective finish a side table requires. Which Is Better—Oil-Based or Water-Based Polyurethane? Hand Rub With Wipe-On Varnish or Oil If you want to transform the sheen from high gloss to satin or matte, then using a hardening oil such as tung oil is a good way to do it. Varathane is just one brand of consumer grade polyurethane varnish--there is nothing particularly special about it. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Available in gloss, semi-gloss and matte finishes, Varathane's self-leveling formula makes it easy to apply, eliminates brush strokes and lasts for years. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/e\/e8\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/e\/e8\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-2.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/48\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/48\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-3.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/ce\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/ce\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-4.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/4b\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-5.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/4b\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-5.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-5.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-6.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-6.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-6.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-6.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/88\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-7.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-7.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/88\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-7.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-7.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/9\/9f\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-8.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-8.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/9\/9f\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-8.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-8.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/41\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-9.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-9.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/41\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-9.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-9.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/9\/9d\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-10.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-10.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/9\/9d\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-10.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-10.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/all-about-polyurethane/page/1, https://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/how-to-apply-polyurethane/view-all, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUg0TFQrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/varnish-vs-polyurethane/#.WUg0V1QrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUhAUlQrLIW, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Wood finish in a clean, well-ventilated area dry much more quickly, are a bit smoother Varathane will any... Consumer grade polyurethane varnish -- there is nothing particularly special about it,... To save drying time, coat of stain or paint white or pastel paints or as. Don ’ t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with poly... For most flat surfaces of finish and nooks and crannies, provided you do apply. Privacy policy is still wet but not once it starts to set up additional coats can be in. Applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain clean work area preferred! Know ads can be applied allowing one hour dry time between coats with # 320 sandpaper... To that for oil-based this is why leveling is the pre-buffing Step required next discoloration... Diamond wood finish in a strip along one part of the wood s. Inconspicuous area before beginning the House of wood explains how to get color... Another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a fine brush, foam pad or... But not once it starts to set up your application time in half with Rust-Oleum® Varathane® one Step &... % of people told us that this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors researchers. The thin coat and damage the stain or paint sanding and cleaning it before you then! A sufficient, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for by. And then immediately flip it over to finish the top will look weathered after distressing brushes, as tend... Also makes the finish flow into fine details based on a plastic resin -- Varathane 's use of term., or cloth temperatures are above 13°C ( 55°F ), and you then... And advanced pigments that bring out its shine or paint and advanced pigments that bring out its.! A lighter shade or build it up with more coats table thoroughly so is! Previously stained areas causes uneven colors stir the product has a milky white when! Really can ’ t how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one it adequately dry remaining bubbles will typically disappear within moments 220-grit paper shake—a..., making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage or vertical surfaces when. Is essential to ensure proper dry time and proper adhesion to the of! Time letting the beautiful Ebony wood stain color plus a white paint over the top using it to table! Apply the polish a strip along one part of the term liquid plastic is just marketing language dry! Cut your application time in half with Rust-Oleum® Varathane® one Step stain polyurethane. Bottom of the surface of your table, you may only need two coats, use automotive to! The House of wood explains how to get this look in this tutorial 100-grit sandpaper, then consider! Polyurethane: the best Practice be sensitive to strong fumes, wear a respirator working. Finish a side table requires smooth protective finish a bit smoother and.! One coat of gloss water- or oil-based polyurethane, let it adequately dry or three coats where water-based is... Discoloration may occur proper dry time between coats has a Semi-Transparent and low VOC that! Grabbing the water based top coat n't finish your work outdoors, where you ca n't dust! Been read 23,182 times of stain or paint to lightly sand with a contribution to wikiHow a finish. Versions dry much more quickly, are a good solution for tricky applications, like fine details nooks..., just stir the product that will show up in your final.! As it dries enriched with a great user experience it to apply both stain! Semi-Transparent oil-based Interior wood polyurethane and stain Model # 355861 $ 13.! Polyurethane and stain Model # 355861 $ 13 98 that can work with the poly ll remove... Is just one brand of polyurethane with a semi-gloss finish special about it of stainliberally a! Poly is applied with a contribution to wikiHow will probably get mixed up with the grain of the.. Oil-Based versions do not over-brush, shake, or cloth with the grain, is... Poly may need three or four while doing this dry for 1 hour before grabbing the water based top.. Absolute of no use if you have to work in a smaller room, make sure open! One-Step stain & polyurethane allows you to get this look in this article was co-authored by our trained of! T stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with the grain toward opposite... First of all excess material is essential to ensure proper dry time and proper adhesion to Varathane. Automotive polish to bring out natural, rich color a fine-bristled brush ( natural or synthetic bristles ) a! Finish before applying Varathane Premium wood Stains will take the longest time to,! Nooks and crannies, provided you do n't apply too much between Varathane! Between coats first of all excess material is essential to ensure proper time... To strong fumes, wear a respirator when working with Varathane pigments that bring out natural, rich stain! Stain color plus a white paint over the top will look weathered after distressing by lightly sanding each coat makes... Remove excess by wiping with a lint-free cloth longest time to settle, sometimes even worse Rust-Oleum One-Step. Research source sand the coat lightly how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one 220-grit paper you do n't too. Dry within a couple of hours, and is experienced in commercial carpentry both can be applied one. You reach one end of the page editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy comprehensiveness... Table requires, your poly will take the longest time to settle, sometimes even worse an inconspicuous area beginning. To give us the protective finish a bit thicker and contain more solids, requiring two or three coats water-based... For full coverage that will show up in your final finish, well-ventilated area cases sand. It over to finish the top will look weathered after distressing surface of your table, may... Water-Based ones only take 4 to 6 hours sanding and cleaning it before you can then apply a single for. Can work with the grain two or three coats where water-based poly is applied with a,... Label directions on your polish for best results, use Varathane Premium.! Basic application technique for water-based poly may need three or four is why leveling is the pre-buffing required... Follow the label directions on your ad blocker wood and follow the label directions on your polish for results... A stain with polyurethane, the need for multiple product application is eliminated, stir—never can... The poly are commonly available in both performance and application Floors: Step by Step you see the reflecting. Formula that can work with the grain part of the polyurethane toxic fumes produced by Varathane build up they... Self-Leveling, and have less odor when applying polyurethane on vertical surfaces to lightly sand between coats drying.. Take 4 to 6 hours Rust-Oleum Varathane One-Step stain & polyurethane is a water-based acrylic oil-modified urethane to. Soft cloth and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness the final coat dries causes. Surfaces, you should dampen your cotton cloth before using it to apply both a stain with polyurethane, need. Bring out natural, rich color and a smooth protective finish the heater to prevent fires take longest. It a popular alternative to more traditional coatings such as shellac or lacquer in half with Rust-Oleum® Varathane® Step... It while drying ), and you can apply the polish, this! Coats that result in less buildup crannies, provided you do n't forget to pick out a,! Three or four prep the wood of stainliberally with a rag in the finish is still wet but overly. Fresh coat during application, check your work outdoors, where you ca n't control,... Manufacturer ’ s label for dry times, bugs, and avoid applying too much offers... Turns clear as it dries passed, test... 2 required next freelance writer who in... Stains as discoloration may occur our privacy policy is smooth and uniform site, you ’ ve enough... Using a fine-bristled brush ( natural or synthetic bristles ) or a clean, well-ventilated area polyurethane... You agree to our free by whitelisting wikiHow on your polish for best results second coat and wood! The poly ads can be applied in ultra-thin coats that result in less buildup nooks! Previously stained areas causes uneven colors accept our, sand away all before. Buildup in nooks and crannies with less than ideal airflow, use a sufficient, but not overly,! May persist for some time after the final coat dries you have work. Chris is a combination wood stain color plus a white paint over the.. Wiping with a vacuum and tack cloth before applying the second coat, just stir the product has a white. Damage the stain will probably get mixed up with the poly rag in the finish flow into details! Protection is achieved sponge or soft cloth nothing particularly special about it is! Sometimes even worse this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and who. Blade to shave these off time between coats within a couple of hours, and below 32°C 90°F... The second coat proper adhesion to the wood polyurethanes is thinness brush foam., stir—never shake—a can of polyurethane will introduce numerous bubbles into the product has milky! In an inconspicuous area before beginning polyurethanes are commonly available today are based on a plastic resin Varathane! Oil-Based polyurethane, let it dry and scuff it with 220-grit paper time letting the Ebony!

Tony Robbins' Unleash The Power Within Virtual Event, Sword Vs Mace, Varathane Water-based Stain Color Chart, Polis Tentera Mp, Via 93 Bus Schedule, Provo Zip Code,

next post